Centre for Environment, Human Rights and Development (CEHRD) started as Niger Delta Project for Environment, Human Rights and Development (NDPEHRD). The formation of the organisation was the outcome of a meeting of environmentalists, conservationists, human rights and health activists who gathered, at the village community of Erema in the Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area (ONELGA) of Rivers State, located in the southernmost part of Nigeria.
The meeting resulted into “The Erema Accord” and subsequent meetings in Port Harcourt, headquarters of Rivers State crystallized in the birth of the Niger Delta Project Environment, Human Rights and Development (NDPEHRD) on August 15, 1999. Subsequently, NDPEHRD was registered with the Ministry of Environment as an environmental non-governmental organisation (ENGO) on April 5, 2001, and with the Social Services Bureau of the Ministry of Social Welfare as a non-governmental organisation (NGO) on July 13, 2004, with the Government of Rivers State of Nigeria.
NDPEHRD started as a small, independent and progressive group of activists responding to government policies, oil and gas companies activities, human rights violations, proliferations of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) as they affect the rural people of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.
In mid 2005, following the decision of the board of the Niger Delta Project for Environment, Human Rights and Development (NDPEHRD), to be registered too, with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC), of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The name was change from the Niger Delta Project for Environment, Human Rights and Development (NDPEHRD) to Centre for Environment, Human Rights and Development (CEHRD).